Blood analysis sometimes shows an increase in liver markers. Given the position of the liver in the abdomen, the only non-invasive way to explore this organ is ultrasonography. However, only a small portion of the liver can be seen, as the lungs hide the other part. 

How is this exam performed?

The procedure is the same as for abdominal ultrasonography but we concentrate on the liver.


If a liver problem is suspected upon blood analysis or ultrasonography, a biopsy will help, after laboratory analysis, to identify the problem, its prognosis and its treatment. 

How is this exam performed?

The horse is sedated and the optimal site for the biopsy is identified by ultrasonography. A 15x15 cm square of skin is clipped and disinfected. A local anaesthesia is done and 0,5 cm stab incision of the skin is performed. A biopsy needle is inserted by the skin incision inside the liver under ultrasonography control. Activation of the needle mechanism cuts a very small portion of liver along the needle. The needle is then retrieved and a surgical staple is used to close the skin and a bandage is put in place.